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MBBS in India

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery which is commonly known as MBBS is an undergraduate Medical degree course that deals with the study of Allopathic Medicine and Surgery. This undergraduate medical education program is designed with a clear vision and goal, the main aim of this program is to create Medical Graduates possessing requisite skills, knowledge, attitudes, responsiveness and values, that enables medical graduates to function appropriately and effectively as a physician of the first contact of the community while being globally relevant. MBBS is one of the most prestigious medical degrees all over the world since it provides financial security to the aspirant.

To study MBBS in India an aspirant has to go through a national level entrance test NEET-UG conducted by NTA (National testing agency), to participate in NEET-UG students must qualify senior secondary (12th standard) with Physics, Chemistry, Biology (zoology, botany), and English with 50% for general category candidates and 40 % for SC, ST, and OBC category candidates from a recognized board. After qualifying NEET-UG with prescribed percentile in individual categories qualified students have to go through centralized counseling conducted on the national level and state level. National level NEET-UG Counseling is conducted by the Medical Counseling Committee i.e. MCC on behalf of DGHS (director-general health of services) and State level NEET-UG Counseling is conducted by DME (director medical educations) of respective states.

The course extends for five and a half years, which includes 1 year of compulsory rotational internship. There is a total of nine semesters, where each semester lasts for six months and has attendance days of one hundred and twenty days. The main objective of the course is to give candidates an in-depth and thorough knowledge of the physiological and pathological actions in a human body. A medical aspirant studying M.B.B.S learns through both the theoretical and practical experiences taught in various classes.

mbbs in india

Who study MBBS ?

This course is best for students who had completed 12th standard with the science stream from a recognized board and having a keen interest in serving humanity. Students having a scientific bend of mind, and a desire to understand how a human body works and responds in different conditions should study MBBS. As one of the most coveted degrees in India which gives recognition in society as the medical profession is the most respected and Nobel professionals across the globe, this the course has a promising career prospect.

The regular work of an MBBS doctor includes:

At the end of the undergraduate MBBS program, the MBBS Doctors are trained enough to perform various medical practices and serve the society the main goals of Indian medical graduates include –

  • The Doctor Realize “health for everyone” as a goal and health right of all.
  • The Doctor Uses his acquired knowledge in every aspect of National policies of health and devotes himself/herself to its practical implementation.
  • They acquire competence in the practice of holistic medicine, encompassing promotive, curative, preventive, and rehabilitative aspects of common diseases.
  • Uses their acquired scientific temper, they acquire educational experience for proficiency in the medical profession, hence promotes healthy living.
  • And finally, they become exemplary citizens by the observance of medical ethics and fulfilling professional and social obligations.

Why study MBBS in India

Indian medical education is one of the best and the medical degree of India has a reputation across the globe. India has some of the prominent medical universities that facilitate competence-based M.B.B.S study with excellent infrastructure and state-of-the-art education system. Undergraduate students are offered a chance to learn through a robust practical class, seminars, hospital visits, and rotatory internship. Given how India is one of the most populated countries in the world, there are patients and cases of all kinds to learn from. Allopathic science, based on strong principles and a highly effective treatment method is full of wonders. Following a robust approach in the field of medical practice, allopathic uses the proven and scientific route of treatment by triggering the disease out of the body. It is one of the most reliable treatment methods.
The Training Program of the Indian Medical Graduate is Competency-Based, competency-based learning focuses on the desired and observable ability in real-life situations. The Indian MBBS Graduate obtains the following competencies at the time of their graduation:

  1. Medical Professional who is committed to excellence is ethical, accountable and responsive to the patients, communities, and the profession.
  2. They will be Lifelong learner committed to the continuous improvement of knowledge and skills.
  3. Excellent Communicator with patients and their families, colleagues, and community.
  4. Leader and member of the health care team and system.
  5. A Clinician, who understands and provides preventive, promotive, curative, palliative and holistic care with compassion.

Scope of MBBS in India

After completing MBBS degree the Indian medical graduates has multiple career options in front of them some of them are listed below –
  • An MBBS graduate can achieve the position of a doctor at a government and private hospital.
  • They can achieve the position of medical officer at government and private hospitals.
  • They can enhance their career options by Pursuing post-graduation MD-MS courses by giving NEET-PG exam and further super-specialty courses by giving NEET-SS.
  • They can take a job as professors in medical institutions.
  • They can do further innovation in medical field by taking u medical research as their career option.
  • MBBS doctors can Startup their own clinics or nursing homes.
  • The doctors can work full time or part-time with NGOs.

Eligibility Criteria for MBBS in India

For a candidate to gain entrance into a medical college:

  1. The Candidate must be at least 17 years of age at the time of admission and not more than 25 (unless specified).
  2. Candidate must pass senior secondary or  Class 12th with a minimum of 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology for General Category and 40% for the reserved category (Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe) respectively.
  3. Candidate must pass the qualifying Exam National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) conducted by NTA.

Documents Required for MBBS in India

  • NEET UG Admit Card.
  • NEET Scorecard or Rank Letter.
  • Class 10 certificate and mark sheet (for date of birth)
  • Class 12 certificate and mark sheet.
  • ID proof (Aadhar/PAN Card/Driving License/Passport)
  • Eight passport size photographs.
  • Provisional Allotment Letter.
  • Category Certificate (If applicable)
  • PwD Certificate (If applicable)

MBBS Admission in India

The student must qualify in NEET for admission in MBBS. After qualifying for the NEET exam, students must appear for MBBS counseling. There are other exams such as AIIMS, JIPMER for medical college admission. Students can also appear for the entrance examination for seven AIIMS in India.

MBBS Seats in India

According to the latest figures from the Medical Council of India, a total of 272 government MBBS colleges across the country will open their doors to candidates in 2024, offering an aggregate of 41,388 medical seats through the NEET examination. Additionally, NEET 2024 will allocate 76,928 seats across 532 colleges, encompassing both government and private institutions, further expanding opportunities for aspiring medical professionals.

Top MBBS Colleges in India

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, DelhiNew DelhiDelhi
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhChandigarh
Christian Medical CollegeVelloreTamil Nadu
National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro SciencesBangaloreKarnataka
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & ResearchPuducherryPondicherry
Amrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreTamil Nadu
Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknowUttar Pradesh
Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiUttar Pradesh
Kasturba Medical College, ManipalManipalKarnataka
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and TechnologyThiruvananthapuramKerala


The duration of MBBS in India is 5 ½ years. The duration includes 4.5 years of classroom study, and 1 year is for an internship.

Mbbs Doctor salary in India ranges between ₹ 0.5 Lakhs to ₹ 12.2 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹ 7.2 Lakhs.

MBBS Fees in India range between INR 2,000 to INR 25 Lakhs. The MBBS fees in Govt Colleges range between INR 2,000 – INR 14,000 while the MBBS Fees in Private Colleges range between 10 Lakhs to 25 Lakhs. MBBS Course fees depend on location and affiliation.

The candidates need to secure a certain number of marks to be eligible for admission. For general category, the minimum marks required in NEET 2023 for MBBS was 720-137 and for the reserved category, it was 136-107.

For MBBS admission 2024, candidates must pass the NEET which is the only entrance exam required by many medical colleges in India. Candidates must have completed at least Class 12 with the essential disciplines of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology for MBBS admission

All private medical colleges have a fixed 15% of their total offered seats reserved for MBBS admissions through the management quota. These 15% MBBS seats are allotted for students who want to take admission in the course through the management quota.

Also read : MD MS in India

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